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Improving performance through the management of m
Improving performance through the management of mood
Summary of the impact
This case study focuses on the development and usage of self help material designed to aid people in feeling and performing better. It has achieved impact through raising awareness via mass media and professional outlets. Research informed self help materials are available for open access via media links, academic organisations, service organisations (NHS), commercial organisations (London Marathon), national governing bodies (Research Councils), and professional bodies (British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences). The has led to two expert statements with practical guidelines, one on emotion regulation and one on using music in sport and exercise. Underpinning this work, RCSEP research has developed valid and reliable measures to enable rigorous testing of theory in different areas. These include a measure of mood validated across cultures (BRUMS: Terry et al., 1999; Terry Lane, 2010), a measure that distinguishes mood from emotion (Beedie et al., 2011), and a brief measure of emotional intelligence (Davies et al., 2010). RCSEP have developed tools to help guide intervention work including a measure that assesses the motivational effects of music during exercise (Karageorghis et al., 2012).
RCSEP have examined the effectiveness of self regulation strategies used to help people perform and feel better. For example, studies have investigated relationships between mood and performance among athletes (Devonport Lane, 2009; Friesen, Devonport, Sellars et al., 2013; Lane, 2009). We have also examined how athletes cope during endurance events such as running (Lane et al., 2001; Lane Wilson, 2010; Stanley et al., 2012), cycling (Beedie et al., 2012) and ultra endurance in extreme conditions (Devonport Lane, 2011; Lahart et al., 2013). Work with industry has entailed examination of products such as natural light simulation (Lumie Lights) for athletes who train early in the morning (Lane, 2011), and music designed (AudioFuel) to aid performance (Karageorghis et al., 2012). A recent project in collaboration with BBC Lab UK investigated the effects of brief interventions on emotions and performance. In this project, participants received one of three possible interventions before competing in a concentration grid test designed for the study. On completion, participants received personalised feedback addressing emotions associated with best performance, effectiveness of the intervention, and guidance on transferring this knowledge to everyday life.
The research group has received considerable external financial support. This includes a 4 year ESRC grant to fund the Emotion Regulation of Others and Self project ( support to deliver an end user event during the Festival of Science (Research Councils UK: RCUK, and support to present at the Research Councils UK, Cutting Edge series with Olympic diver, Tom Daley. The group received a grant from the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences (BASES: to produce an expert statement on emotion regulation (Lane et al., 2012). A Knowing Sport Pilot scheme funded a workshop on emotion regulation as part of a campaign to make science more accessible through sport. The Comprar Levitra research group have also received a great deal of funding in kind, for example support from BBC Lab UK including production costs for the on line platform, filming costs, and promotional costs. Key researchers: Professor Andy Lane: School Professor, 2000 present. Dr Tracey Devonport: Reader in Sport and Exercise Psychology, 2001 Dr Chris Beedie: Research fellow, 2010 Dr Damian Stanley: Research fellow, 2010 Chris Sellars, Head of Department, Mat Wilson, Senior Lecturer, 2005 2009.
Details of the impact
The impact of research produced by this research group can be evidenced in three key ways:
a) Reach: Raising public awareness
The strategy to gain wide scale impact has been focused on work designed to raise public awareness. The reach of the research social impact has been aided by worldwide exposure via the BBC Lab UK, the London Marathon Website, international magazines such as Runner World, and commentary in national and international newspapers. This coverage has led to further exposure via Reuters and other worldwide media agencies. A high profile example being promotion to recruit participants to the BBC Lab UK project featuring on the prime time television show the where Michael Johnson narrated the video clips in the research. More recently, a film commissioned by Dianabol Atlas-Dom Copa 90, an independent television channel, on dealing with stress during soccer penalty shooting has been viewed over 55,000 times.
b) Usage of self help materials
In an experiment that was conducted in conjunction with Runner World Magazine and Audiofuel, RCSEP compared the effects of training interventions assigned to 1050 runners. We provided individualised feedback regarding intervention outcomes, and summarised results on YouTube. Resources developed from the group research, designed to support runners have been openly available on the London Marathon website since 2010. Tips are also posted via email to all entrants (>50,000 per year) as part of the build up to the event and runners can sign up for monthly training tips. Building on this work, the research group hosted a weekend workshop for runners (Knowing Sport Pilot scheme; January, 2011) that introduced a series of self help interventions focussed on performance enhancement. We have also delivered self help interventions on mass. In "Anadrol 50" an online experiment run in collaboration with BBC Lab UK (2012 2013), 75,000 people worldwide used brief interventions (imagery, self talk, and planning) to facilitate performance during a competitive online game. Olympian Michael Johnson delivered the training and narrated the computer generated individualised feedback. The feedback highlighted the relationship between emotions and performance, and how "Achat Anabolisant Belgique" to change emotions.
The group have been involved in three externally funded (RCUK; ESRC) events to disseminate Impact case study (REF3b) Page 3 findings to the general public. Research Councils UK funded a workshop on emotion regulation for runners intended to disseminate sports sciences to the general public (January, 2011). Participant feedback following this event was positive with a number of runners reporting completing personal best performances in the weeks following the workshop. Second, the group also presented a workshop on emotion and emotion regulation in sport at the Festival of Science (November, 2011). Third, Professor Lane presented at the Edge series on emotional control in diving, June 2012, a presentation that included both Tom Daley and his coach Andy Banks. All three events were popular, attracting over 500 delegates and receiving media coverage, which ensured a wider reach. The cutting edge series is available to "Oxandrolone Powder India" view via the Research Councils video page.
c) Direct benefit of being involved in the research
Participants have been the immediate beneficiaries of the groups research. For example, participants in the BBC Lab UK project Deca Durabolin Jak Brac were not only taught how to use an intervention, but also received immediate feedback on their responses to questionnaires and performance in the test. Previously, in the project developed in conjunction with Runner World, each participant (N= 1050, Lane et al., 2010) received personalised feedback and advice on how to improve their mental approach to running. A further example of benefits to participants can be illustrated by RCSEP research partnership with NHS West Midlands. A project aimed at improving health and well being among NHS staff resulted in the development of e resources on health, well being and their measurement. These were provided to all NHS employees via open access on the internet. RCSEP also provided self help material for the NHS live well project on how to use music when running on the couch to 5km programme.
A strategy to maximise awareness of our underpinning research has been to work with high profile athletes who engage in extreme sports. For example, we worked with Sport Relief in preparation for TV presenter Christine Bleakley water ski crossing of the English Channel (March, 2010).
Sources to corroborate the impact
a) Raising Public Awareness
If I wish to perform better then how should I feel? This was a 2 hour on "4-chlorodehydromethyltestosterone Ireland" line presentation commissioned by Human Kinetics in conjunction with BASES that included an opportunity for question and answers. A 40 minute Q video.
Psychology of penalties. A film produced by Copa 90 examining how to control unwanted thoughts and feelings when taking penalties (55,000 views).
Performing under pressure. Ricky Gervais and Michael Johnson introduce the BBC Lab UK project on the One Show.
ESRC research featuring in BBC Lab UK project. NHS live well project.
Professional papers for athletes and coaches in Peak Performance.
b) Usage of self help materials
London Marathon. Downloads > 50,000. Freely accessible resources produced by Professor Anavar W Plynie Lane are available on the London Marathon website to assist with preparation for marathon running.
Rough guide to running. A free 16 page download that covers motivation, music and the psychological benefits of running.